You too can become a pineapple professor?Everyone likes pineapples! Many years ago, pineapples came across the ocean. They have a long history and interesting facts about them!Let's learn together!How these sweet and tasty pineapples can be eaten.If you know more facts about pineapples, they will taste even better and you will probably like the fruit more!
In 1492, after Columbus discovered the New World, pineapples spread out all over the world. They called the fruit "a gift from the New World (referring to South America)".Pineapples were traded during the Age of Discovery, and then they reached Europe, the African Continent, and Asian islands.It is said that the first time pineapples reached Okinawa was in 1866, when young plants that came from a wrecked Dutch ship offshore of Ishigaki Island were washed ashore to Kabira Bay.In 1927 in Okinawa prefecture, (*1)smooth cayenne pineapples were introduced and planted in Izumi, Motobu town. In 1935 in Ishigaki Island, the full-scale production of pineapples was started by Taiwanese settlers.
At its peak of the production in Okinawa, about 100,000 tons of pineapples were harvested in 1969.However, the production went down due to the oil crisis and liberalization of frozen pineapple imports in the 1970's, due to expanding trade liberalization during (*2)the Uruguay Round in the 1990's.As of 2012, the production fell down to 6,000 tons which is only 6% of its peak.And there is a concern that the production may fall even more depending on how TPP talks go.At Nago Pineapple Park, we accept the reality. So that more people get to know about tasty Okinawa pineapples and we want it to spread out, we produce sweets, juice and wine made from pineapples. We cooperate and support each other with farmers in Okinawa to promote the Okinawa pineapple industry.
(*1)Originally pineapple leaves have a lot of thorns, which used to make mass production harder. However after a variety called cayenne that has no thorns on leaves was discovered in 1819, they spread out all over the world in no time. 90% of the distributed pineapples in the world today are smooth cayenne.(*2)This is the trade liberalization for international trades declared in Uruguay in 1986. 124 countries participated in the negotiations to make new trading rules.
The pineapple is native to South America, (*3)a perennial plant of the family Bromeliaceae, Ananas.You can harvest pineapples twice per a plant.Pineapples can be harvested in about a year and a half after it was planted.Only 106 varieties of them are edible.Including smooth cayenne, bogor pineapples, peach pineapples and cream pineapples.The rest of them include wild, or inedible "ornamental" pineapples.
(*3)Perennial plants refer to trees and plants, which can be seen on the ground all year.
Pineapples are rich in citric acid, malic acid, calcium and vitamin C. They also contain a proteolytic enzyme called bromelain, which helps digest meat. Pineapples are steadily getting popular as a dieting fruit.The reason why the Chinese dish sweet-and-sour pork contains pineapples is that bromelain of the fruit divides the proteins in meat and tenderize the meat.Bromelain causes irritation in your mouth when you eat pineapple too much, as bromelain divides proteins in your mouth. The bottom (root) of a pineapple is sweeter, so if you leave it upside down for a while, the sweetness migrates to the top.The season for the fruit to be the sweetest and tastiest is summer with strong sunshine.